ALDANOV, MARK


ALDANOV, MARK
ALDANOV, MARK (pseudonym of Mark Aleksandrovich Landau; 1889–1957), Russian novelist. Aldanov was born in Kiev and trained as a chemist and lawyer. He left Russia in 1919 and settled in France. During World War II he lived in   the United States, but eventually returned to Europe and died in Nice. A writer of exceptional erudition and sophistication, Aldanov excelled in the historical novel – a genre in which he had few peers in Russian literature. He also wrote other prose works including several treatises on the philosophy of history. He is best remembered for his tetralogy Myslitel ("The Thinker"), a work set in Russia and Western Europe during the Napoleonic era. Aldanov's novel Desyataya simfoniya (1931; The Tenth Symphony, 1948) is based on the life of Beethoven; and Nachalo kontsa (1936–42; The Fifth Seal, 1943) depicts Europe on the eve of World War II. Aldanov was singularly successful in blending historical and fictitious characters and events, but unlike so many other Russian novelists – especially Tolstoy in War and Peace – he erected his historical scaffolding merely as a support for the fictional structure. This did not, however, discourage his tendency to devote more time to historical research than to pruning his own work. Aldanov also differed from Tolstoy in believing that the fate of men and nations was shaped not by laws but by historical accident. His writing shows a partiality for paradox and a fondness for a pose of ironic detachment. His novels were translated into many languages but, unlike those of some of his émigré colleagues, were unobtainable in the U.S.S.R. A staunch anti-Communist, Aldanov remained a liberal Russian intellectual, retaining only tenuous links with his Jewish heritage. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Struve, Russkaya literatura v izgnanii, (1956). (Maurice Friedberg)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Aldanov, Mark — ▪ Russian writer pseudonym of  Mark Aleksandrovich Landau   born Oct. 26 [Nov. 7, New Style], 1889, Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Feb. 25, 1957, Nice, France       Russian émigré writer best known for work bitterly critical of the Soviet… …   Universalium

  • Mark Aldanov — (Russian: Марк Алданов) (Mark Alexandrovich Landau) (Russian: Марк Александрович Ландау) (7 November [O.S. 26 October] 1886, 1888, or 1889–February 25, 1957) was a Russian emigrant writer, known for his historical novels. Mark Landau (Aldanov)… …   Wikipedia

  • Mark Aldanov — Mark Aldanov, nom de plume de Mark Alexandrovitch Landau, (en russe : Алданов Марк Александрович), (7 novembre 1886, 1888, ou 1889 – 25 février 1957) est un écrivain russe émigré, auteur de romans historiques. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mark Aldanow — Mark Alexandrowitsch Aldanow (russisch Марк Александрович Алданов, geboren als Mark Alexandrowitsch Landau; * 26. Oktoberjul./ 7. November 1886greg. in Kiew; † 25. Februar 1957 in Nizza) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Aldanow entstammte einer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mark Alexandrowitsch Aldanow — (russisch Марк Александрович Алданов, geboren als Mark Alexandrowitsch Landau; * 26. Oktoberjul./ 7. November 1886greg. in Kiew; † 25. Februar 1957 in Nizza) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Aldanow entstammte einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mark Aldanov — Mark Aleksandrovich Landau …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Aldanow — Mark Alexandrowitsch Aldanow (russisch Марк Александрович Алданов, geboren als Mark Alexandrowitsch Landau; * 26. Oktoberjul./ 7. November 1886greg. in Kiew; † 25. Februar 1957 in Nizza) war ein russischer Schriftsteller. Aldanow entstammte einer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RUSSE (LITTÉRATURE) — Produit d’une société dont l’histoire est caractérisée par une suite de ruptures brutales, la littérature russe est née de la première de ces ruptures, celle qui, dans les dernières années du premier millénaire, fait de la Russie païenne… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dmitry Merezhkovsky — For his brother, a Russian biologist, see Konstantin Mereschkowski. Born Dmitry Sergeyevich Merezhkovsky 2 August 1865(1865 08 02) St Petersburg, Russia Died 9 December 1941( …   Wikipedia

  • Leonid Kannegisser — (en russe : Леонид Иоакимович Каннегисер) (1896 1918) est un écrivain et un révolutionnaire russe. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français


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